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Integrative Primary Care for Geriatrics

Medically reviewed by 
Integrative Primary Care for Geriatrics

The global geriatric population is expanding at an unprecedented rate, with the number of adults aged 65 and older projected to reach nearly 1.5 billion by 2050, accounting for 16% of the world's population. As this rapidly growing demographic faces many complex health issues, ranging from chronic diseases to cognitive decline, there is an increasing demand for more holistic and effective healthcare solutions.

Integrative primary care offers a groundbreaking approach by blending conventional medical practices with complementary therapies, such as mindfulness, nutrition, and physical activity. This comprehensive model views the aging individual as a whole, considering not only their physical well-being but also their emotional, mental, and social health.

Integrative primary care presents a more thorough and effective means of addressing geriatric concerns by considering all aspects of an older adult's health and well-being. This approach empowers seniors to maintain their independence, enhance their quality of life, and proactively manage their health as they navigate the challenges of aging.


What is Integrative Primary Care?

Integrative Primary Care is an innovative approach to healthcare that combines conventional medicine with evidence-based complementary therapies. This holistic model of care addresses the physical, emotional, and social dimensions of a patient's well-being, catering to millions of individuals worldwide. It focuses on prevention, early intervention, and personalized treatment plans tailored to each patient's needs and circumstances.

Integrative Primary Care is gaining traction despite being a somewhat novel concept due to its patient-centered and whole-person approach. This healthcare model has rooted in the understanding that optimal health requires a balance of body, mind, and spirit. It incorporates various therapeutic modalities, including nutrition, stress management, lifestyle counseling, and traditional medical practices. By blending the best of both worlds, Integrative Primary Care aims to improve health outcomes and enhance patient satisfaction.

Integrative Primary Care recognizes the interconnectedness of body systems and the impact of lifestyle choices on health. It emphasizes the importance of preventive care, focusing on early detection and risk factor management. This approach addresses existing health issues and fosters resilience, preventing future ailments. As a result, patients can expect a more comprehensive and collaborative healthcare experience designed to empower them to take an active role in their wellness journey.

What are the Benefits of Integrative Primary Care for Older Adults?

Integrative Primary Care offers many benefits for older adults, who often face various complex health challenges. This comprehensive approach to healthcare addresses the unique needs of this population, considering factors such as age-related physiological changes, chronic conditions, and the social determinants of health. By focusing on prevention and individualized care, Integrative Primary Care can improve older adults' quality of life, enhance their overall well-being, and minimize the burden of chronic disease.

Integrative Primary Care acknowledges the complexity of aging and the interdependence of body systems. Rather than viewing each health issue in isolation, this approach considers the multifaceted nature of older adults' needs and promotes a holistic understanding of their health. By incorporating evidence-based complementary therapies alongside conventional medicine, Integrative Primary Care practitioners can more effectively address age-specific concerns, such as cognitive decline, frailty, and polypharmacy.

This patient-centered model emphasizes the importance of shared decision-making, empowering older adults to take an active role in their healthcare. By fostering a strong partnership between patients and healthcare providers, Integrative Primary Care encourages better communication, facilitates informed choices, and ultimately leads to more satisfying healthcare experiences. In addition, this approach can contribute to a more sustainable and cost-effective healthcare system, as it promotes wellness, reduces hospitalizations, and enhances the overall health of older adults.

When Should Seniors See Their Integrative Primary Care Physician?

Various symptoms and reasons may prompt seniors to contact their healthcare provider for care. Individuals may experience various health issues as they age, some requiring prompt attention. Here are some common symptoms and situations that warrant contacting a healthcare provider:

New or Worsening Chronic Pain

If an older adult experiences persistent or severe pain in any area of the body, such as joints, back, or head, seeking medical advice is advised. Pain can be an indicator of underlying health issues that require attention.

Changes in Mobility or Balance

If a senior notices difficulty walking, maintaining balance, or increased falls, they should consult their healthcare provider. These issues can signal underlying problems that should be addressed to prevent further complications. Several common factors can lead to reduced mobility and balance in older adults. Some of the most common include low physical activity, strength or balance impairment, obesity, and chronic diseases such as diabetes and arthritis.

Unexplained Weight Loss or Gain

Significant changes in weight without a clear explanation, such as a change in diet or exercise, can indicate underlying health issues that require evaluation. Unexplained weight loss should especially be taken seriously as it can be an initial sign of cancer.

Cognitive Changes

If an older adult experiences memory loss, confusion, or disorientation, it's crucial to consult a healthcare professional. These symptoms can be early indicators of cognitive decline or other neurological conditions such as major depressive disorder. It is important to note that B-12 deficiency and thyroid dysfunction can mimic symptoms of cognitive impairment and should therefore be ruled out in cases of possible dementia.

Changes in Mood or Behavior

Persistent feelings of sadness, anxiety, or irritability, as well as changes in sleep patterns, appetite, or social engagement, may signal mental health concerns that warrant evaluation and support.

Persistent Fatigue

Even after adequate rest, seniors experiencing ongoing or severe fatigue should consult their healthcare provider to identify potential underlying causes.

Gastrointestinal Symptoms

Persistent digestive issues, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation, can indicate underlying health problems that should be addressed.

Functional Medicine Labs for Older Adults in Primary Care

Functional medicine labs help practitioners personalize treatment options for their patients. Below are some of the most common labs ran in integrative primary care for the older population:

C-Reactive Protein (High Sensitivity) Test

The C-Reactive Protein (High Sensitivity) test by Access Medical Laboratories is a blood test that measures the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) in the body, which can help detect inflammation and identify worsening pain in older adults. Elevated CRP levels may indicate an increased risk of chronic inflammation, which can contribute to chronic pain and other age-related health issues. Monitoring CRP levels can enable targeted interventions to manage pain and reduce inflammation.

Diabetes Screening

Diabetes and insulin resistance can lead to complications such as neuropathy, retinopathy, and reduced blood flow, affecting mobility and balance. Early detection and management of these conditions can help improve mobility and prevent further decline in older adults. Measuring biomarkers associated with the diagnosis of diabetes, like fasting insulin, fasting glucose, and hemoglobin A1c can be used to give a more complete picture of blood sugar regulation.

Arthritis Panel

The Arthritis Panel by Access Medical Laboratories is a blood test that evaluates multiple markers associated with inflammation and autoimmune processes involved in arthritis, which can benefit older adults with changes in pain, mobility, and balance. Arthritis can significantly impact joint function, leading to mobility and balance issues in older adults. By identifying and addressing the underlying inflammation and autoimmune processes, targeted treatments can help manage arthritis symptoms and improve mobility and balance in older adults.

Weight Panel

The Weight Loss Panel by Ayumetrix is a blood test designed to evaluate various hormonal and metabolic markers related to weight management, which can be helpful for older adults experiencing weight changes. This panel includes tests for thyroid function, insulin resistance, and other key markers that can impact metabolism and weight regulation. By identifying imbalances in these markers, personalized interventions can be developed to support healthy weight management in older adults.

Complete Thyroid Panel

The Complete Thyroid Panel by Precision Point Diagnostics is a comprehensive blood test that assesses thyroid function, which can be relevant for older adults experiencing cognitive changes, fatigue, or weight fluctuations. Imbalances in thyroid hormones can contribute to various symptoms, including cognitive dysfunction, fatigue, and weight changes. Identifying and addressing thyroid imbalances can help improve these symptoms and support overall well-being in older adults.

Vitamin B12 Test

Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to neurological symptoms that mimic cognitive decline. By identifying and addressing B12 deficiencies, older adults can potentially prevent or reverse cognitive dysfunction related to this deficiency.

Neurotransmitters Test

The Neurotransmitters test by ZRT Laboratory is a dried urine test that evaluates neurotransmitter levels, which can be beneficial for older adults experiencing changes in mood and behavior. Imbalances in neurotransmitters, such as serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine, can contribute to mood disorders and cognitive changes. Identifying these imbalances can help guide targeted interventions to improve mood, behavior, and cognitive function in older adults.

DUTCH Complete Dried Urine Test

The DUTCH Complete Dried Urine Test by Precision Analytical evaluates hormone levels and metabolism, which can be helpful for older adults experiencing fatigue. Hormonal imbalances can contribute to fatigue and energy fluctuations. Identifying and addressing these imbalances can help improve energy levels and alleviate fatigue in older adults.


The GI-MAP by Diagnostic Solutions Laboratory is a comprehensive stool analysis that evaluates gut health, which can be useful for older adults experiencing gastrointestinal symptoms. Imbalances in the gut microbiome and inflammation can contribute to gastrointestinal issues such as bloating, abdominal pain, and irregular bowel movements. The GI-MAP test can help improve gastrointestinal symptoms and overall well-being in older adults by identifying potential imbalances and areas for targeted treatment.

Sleep Study

If an older adult is experiencing difficulties with sleep and implementing proper sleep hygiene practices does not lead to improvement, it may be advisable for them to undergo a sleep study. A sleep study can help identify any underlying sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea or insomnia, contributing to their sleep problems. Timely diagnosis and treatment of such sleep disorders can significantly enhance sleep quality and overall well-being in older adults.

Functional Medicine Treatment for Seniors

Based on an extensive intake and lab results, a personalized treatment plan is prescribed. Below are some of the most common integrative treatment protocols for the senior population.


One essential intervention is regular physical activity, which can help older adults maintain mobility, balance, and strength. Exercise has been shown to improve cardiovascular health, support bone density, and reduce the risk of falls and fractures. Additionally, physical activity can enhance cognitive function and reduce the risk of developing dementia or other cognitive impairments.

Stress management is also crucial for older adults, as chronic stress can contribute to a variety of health issues, including cardiovascular disease, cognitive decline, and immune system dysfunction. Techniques such as mindfulness meditation, yoga, and deep breathing can help older adults manage stress and promote relaxation.

Lastly, ensuring adequate sleep is vital for overall health and well-being. Older adults may experience changes in sleep patterns, which can impact both physical and mental health. Practicing good sleep hygiene, such as maintaining a consistent sleep schedule, creating a comfortable sleep environment, and avoiding stimulants before bedtime, can help promote restorative sleep and improve overall health.

Nutritional Needs of Older Adults

The nutritional needs of older adults differ from those of younger individuals, as they face unique physiological changes and health challenges associated with aging. Maintaining a well-balanced, nutrient-dense diet promotes overall health, supports cognitive function, and prevents age-related diseases.

Individuals' caloric needs typically decrease as they age, while their nutrient requirements remain the same or even increase. It is essential to focus on consuming nutrient-rich foods to meet their daily requirements without excessive caloric intake. Older adults should prioritize lean protein sources like fish, poultry, beans, and low-fat dairy products to maintain muscle mass and support immune function. Adequate fiber intake from whole grains, fruits, and vegetables is necessary for digestive health and maintaining a healthy weight.

Vitamins and minerals play a vital role in the well-being of older adults. Vitamin D and calcium are essential for bone health, while B vitamins support cognitive function and energy metabolism. Antioxidant-rich foods, including berries, leafy greens, and nuts, can help combat oxidative stress and support overall health. Omega-3 fatty acids, such as in fatty fish, help reduce inflammation and promote heart and brain health.

Hydration is another critical aspect of an older adult's nutritional needs. As the sense of thirst often declines with age, consuming adequate fluids throughout the day is essential to prevent dehydration and support overall health.

Supplements & Herbs

Nutrition, supplements, and herbs play a significant role in supporting the health and well-being of older adults, addressing various age-related concerns. Omega-3 fatty acids and turmeric (curcumin) can help reduce inflammation and discomfort for chronic pain. Vitamin D and calcium supplements can support bone health and muscle function for mobility and balance, minimizing the risk of falls.

Older adults may benefit from a balanced diet with adequate protein, fiber, and nutrient-dense foods to address unexplained weight changes. In addition, supplements like probiotics can help support gut health, which can contribute to maintaining a healthy weight.

For mood or behavior changes, B vitamins, magnesium, and St. John's wort may help improve mood and support brain health. It is essential to consult with a healthcare provider before using any supplements, especially if taking medications for mental health concerns.

To combat persistent fatigue, older adults might consider supplements like CoQ10, iron, and vitamin B12, which can help support energy levels and overall vitality.

For gastrointestinal symptoms, digestive enzymes, probiotics, and ginger can help promote healthy digestion, alleviate discomfort, and support gut health.


Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Senior Citizens

Complementary and Alternative Medicine for seniors, which include therapies such as acupuncture, chiropractic care, herbal medicine, massage, and tai chi, can offer numerous benefits for older adults. These holistic approaches enhance overall well-being, manage age-related health concerns, and promote a higher quality of life.

Acupuncture, a traditional Chinese medicine technique, involves inserting thin needles into specific points on the body to balance energy flow and improve overall health. This treatment has been shown to help alleviate chronic pain, reduce stress, and improve sleep quality in some patients.

Chiropractic care, which focuses on the musculoskeletal system, can offer seniors relief from joint pain and stiffness and improve posture and mobility. Regular chiropractic adjustments and soft tissue therapy may help older adults maintain functional independence and minimize the risk of falls.

Herbal medicine, which uses plant-based remedies for various ailments, can provide seniors with a natural alternative to conventional pharmaceuticals. When used under the guidance of a qualified practitioner, herbal medicine may help address symptomatic issues in this population.

Massage therapy offers a range of benefits for older adults, including reducing muscle tension, improving circulation, and promoting relaxation. Regular massage sessions can help seniors manage stress, support their immune systems, and enhance overall well-being.

Tai chi, a gentle martial art, combines slow, controlled movements with deep breathing and meditation. This low-impact exercise is particularly suitable for seniors, as it can improve balance, flexibility, and muscle strength while reducing stress and promoting mental clarity.


Integrative primary care for older adults offers a comprehensive approach to managing age-related health concerns by combining conventional treatments with complementary therapies, such as nutrition, exercise, and stress management. As seniors face unique health challenges, including chronic conditions and age-related physiological changes, integrative care provides a tailored, patient-centered approach to maintaining overall health and well-being. Regular consultations with an integrative primary care physician help older adults proactively manage their health, prevent complications, and enhance their quality of life. By addressing the whole person and incorporating a range of therapies, integrative primary care supports seniors in maintaining optimal health and enjoying a fulfilling life as they age.

The information provided is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always consult with your doctor or other qualified healthcare provider before taking any dietary supplement or making any changes to your diet or exercise routine.
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