The Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP) assesses a patient's metabolism, kidney and liver health, electrolytes, and blood glucose.
Specifically, the test measures 13 different metabolites in the blood. The test provides important information about an individual's chemical balance and metabolism.
Metabolism is the process of how the body uses food and energy. A CMP is often requested as part of a regular checkup. The results can help flag early warning signs for diabetes or issues in the liver and kidneys.
A CMP is one of the most commonly ordered lab tests. It checks several body functions and processes, including kidney and liver health, blood sugar levels, calcium levels, blood protein levels, sodium, potassium, and chloride levels (electrolytes), protein levels, and fluid levels balanced. A CMP may also be used to monitor the side effects of certain medicines.
The Comprehensive Metabolic Panel measures glucose, calcium, sodium, potassium, carbon dioxide, chloride, Albumin, ALP (alkaline phosphatase), ALT (alanine transaminase), and AST (aspartate aminotransferase), Bilirubin, BUN (blood urea nitrogen) and creatinine.
The test analyzes a blood sample obtained after at least eight hours of fasting. It is important to consider that several factors can affect the result of a CMP, such as medications the individual might be taking, like steroids, insulin, and hormones, eating or drinking before the test, exercising before the test, damage to blood cells during the collection or processing related to the blood test.
The comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) is a frequently ordered panel of 14 tests that gives information about the current status of a person's metabolism, including the health of the kidneys and liver, electrolyte and acid/base balance, and blood glucose and blood protein levels.